You have just downloaded Open Dylan and installed it in
how do you write the canonical Hello World app? This example assumes the
bash shell is used. You may need to adjust for your local shell.
$ export PATH=/opt/opendylan/bin:$PATH $ dylan new application --simple hello-world $ cd hello-world $ dylan build --all ...lots of output... $ _build/bin/hello-world Hello, world!
Ta da! Now a quick review of the steps with a little bit of explanation.
First you must set
PATH so that the dylan and
dylan-compiler commands will be found.
./_build/bin is where
dylan-compiler puts the executables it builds.
Some of these differ on Windows, so please be sure to read Notes for Windows Users if you are on Windows.
dylan new application --simple hello-world creates a directory named
“hello-world”, and several files. The
--simple flag says to skip generating
a test suite library.
hello-world.lidlists the files in the project. The order in which the files are listed here determines the order in which the code in them is loaded. The library definition file should always be first.
library.dylancontains the library and module definitions. These can be extended as your project grows in complexity.
hello-world.dylancontains the main program code.
registrydirectory is how dylan-compiler locates each used library. When using the dylan tool, this directory is generated for you. See Using Source Registries for details on the registry format.
dylan-package.jsondescribes the new “hello-world” package. This is where you can specify dependencies, the package location, etc. See the dylan-tool documentation for more on this. Note that the existence of this file turns the “hello-world” directory into a dylan workspace.
The first time you build
hello-world all used libraries are built, all the
way down to the
dylan library itself. Subsequent builds only need to
hello-world itself and are therefore much faster.
Don’t confuse the
dylan library with the dylan
executable program. The
dylan library contains the core Dylan
language features that are not implemented inside the compiler. The
dylan program is a tool to help manager Dylan projects and is
created from a library called
The compiler places its output in the
_build directory in the current
working directory. This includes the libraries and executables that it builds.
You can run the executable from this location, as noted above.